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《全面建成小康社会:中国人权事业发展的光辉篇章》白皮书(2)(中英对照)

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2. Steps Taken to Protect Human Rights

2.全面建成小康社会的人权内涵

The route to all-round moderate prosperity coincides with comprehensive progress in human rights in China, which involves all the steps necessary to liberate, protect and develop the individual.

全面建成小康社会的进程,也是中国人权事业全方位发展的进程,始终体现和包含着解放人、保障人、发展人的战略、目标和任务。

Prioritizing the right to subsistence. The right to subsistence comes first among all human rights. A moderately prosperous society takes it as the primary goal to secure adequate food and clothing and protect the right to subsistence, and takes further steps to meet the growing material and cultural needs of the people. Visible progress in securing basic needs and remarkable improvements in living standards are the natural results of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

全面建成小康社会首先要保障生存权。生存是享有一切人权的基础。小康社会建设将解决温饱问题、保障生存权作为首要目标,不断满足人民日益增长的物质文化需要。在全面建成小康社会进程中,人民生活质量显著提高,衣食住行用都有较大改善,生存权保障水平稳步提升。

Realizing the coordinated development of all human rights. A moderately prosperous society emphasizes economic, political, cultural, social, and eco-environmental progress to benefit the people. It upholds the basic principle of interdependence and indivisibility of human rights. To advance all human rights and fundamental freedoms in all respects, it protects economic, social, and cultural rights, political and democratic rights, personal rights, personality rights, and property rights.

全面建成小康社会必然要实现各类人权协调发展。全面小康强调保障物质文明、政治文明、精神文明、社会文明、生态文明建设成果惠及人民。坚持人权相互依存、不可分割的基本原则,既保护经济社会文化权利,又保障公民人身权、人格权、财产权和民主政治权利,全方位增进各类人权和基本自由。

Advancing the rights of all people. All-round moderate prosperity means all the people enjoy human rights. In the process of creating this society, China has built a system guaranteeing social equity with equal opportunities, equal rules and equal rights, in which all can participate in, contribute to, and enjoy development.

全面建成小康社会就是要促进所有人的人权。全面小康,本质上是全民共享人权的小康。在全面建成小康社会的历史进程中,中国构建起机会公平、规则公平和权利公平的社会公平体系,切实保障人民平等参与发展、共同促进发展、共享发展成果。

The CPC and the Chinese government uphold the universality of human rights and ensure that no one is left behind on the way towards prosperity. Holding fast to the principle of common prosperity, they allowed some people to create wealth as a first step to bringing prosperity for all. They have ensured just distribution in order that the fruits of development benefit all people equally. They adhere to the principles of equality before the law and non-discrimination, making sure all citizens are entitled to equal rights and respect without discrimination of any kind, such as ethnicity, race, gender, occupation, birth, religion, education, property, or length of residence. Committed to protecting the basic rights of vulnerable groups, particularly poor people in impoverished areas, they have eliminated extreme poverty by applying strong determination, clear thinking, effective measures, and all resources available.

中国共产党和中国政府坚持人权主体的普遍性,确保全面小康路上不让一个人掉队;坚持共同富裕方针,通过一部分人先富带动全体人民共富,让发展成果平等惠及全民,实现分配正义;坚持法律面前人人平等和不歧视原则,确保全体公民不分民族、种族、性别、职业、家庭出身、宗教信仰、教育程度、财产状况、居住期限,一律、无差别地享有人权,受到同等的尊重;坚持保护弱势群体,以坚定决心、精准思路、有力措施,举全社会之力,向绝对贫困发起总攻,重点保障贫困地区、贫困人口的基本权利。

3. Reinforced Groundwork for Human Rights

3.全面建成小康社会的人权意义

Human rights are the foundation of good governance. China has always been committed to respecting, protecting and advancing human rights, and increasing the people's sense of fulfillment, happiness and security. The route to moderate prosperity has reinforced the groundwork for human rights.

人权是善治之本。中国全面建成小康社会,始终坚持尊重人权、保障人权、促进人权的价值遵循,将增加人民的获得感、幸福感、安全感作为出发点和落脚点。

Providing a solid material foundation for protecting and developing human rights. In the process of building a moderately prosperous society, China has maintained its commitment to the new development philosophy. The economy has achieved long-term rapid growth and the basic needs of over one billion people have been met. The urban-rural divide has been resolved and the income distribution profile has been reformed to improve living standards. Targeted poverty reduction and eradication has achieved success, strengthening protection of all vulnerable groups. A social security system covering all the people is in place, with better medical services and a higher overall level of health. Public cultural services have improved. Free compulsory education has been realized in both urban and rural areas. An efficient and ubiquitous information network has been set up. With accelerated efforts to build an eco-civilization, a basic national policy of environmental protection has been implemented, measures to prevent and control pollution have intensified, and the eco-environment has notably improved.

全面建成小康社会为人权保障与发展奠定了坚实物质基础。在全面建成小康社会进程中,中国坚定不移贯彻新发展理念,保持经济长期快速增长,稳定解决了十几亿人的温饱问题;破除城乡二元结构,改革收入分配格局,人民收入水平不断提升;开展精准扶贫、精准脱贫,决胜脱贫攻坚,加强对各类弱势群体的保护;基本建立覆盖全民的社会保障体系,人民健康和医疗卫生水平大幅提高;建设完善公共文化服务体系,全面实现城乡免费义务教育,构建高效泛在的信息网络;加快生态文明建设,实施环境保护基本国策,污染防治力度加大,生态环境明显改善。

In a moderately prosperous society, economic, political, social, cultural and environmental rights are more equitable and more easily accessible to all people to ensure equal rights to participation and development in all fields.

全面建成小康社会,经济、社会、文化、环境权利更加公平可及,各类主体在经济、政治、社会和文化等领域的平等参与和平等发展,更加切实和顺畅便捷。

Providing a solid political and democratic foundation for protecting and developing human rights. In achieving moderate prosperity, China has ensured that the Party's leadership, the people's position as masters of the country and law-based governance form an indivisible whole. The institutions and mechanisms by which the Party exercises leadership have improved. The system of people's congresses, the system of CPC-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of community-level self-governance have developed steadily.

全面建成小康社会为人权保障与发展奠定了坚实民主政治基础。坚持中国共产党领导、人民当家作主、依法治国有机统一,党的领导体制机制更加完善,人民代表大会制度、中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度、民族区域自治制度、基层群众自治制度稳步发展。

The institutions, standards and procedures of law-based socialist democracy have improved, with more diverse forms of democracy and wider democratic channels. A social governance model based on collaboration and common interests has taken shape and the principle of the people as masters of the country is put into practice in China's political and social fields. Civil, political and democratic rights are better protected.

社会主义民主政治制度化、规范化、法治化、程序化建设不断推进,民主形式更加丰富,民主渠道更加畅通,共建共享的社会治理格局初步构建,人民当家作主落实到国家政治生活和社会生活之中,公民权利更有保障,民主政治权利更加充分。

Strengthening legal protection for human rights. The Constitution stipulates that the state shall respect and protect human rights, which is an important principle in state governance. Advancing the rule of law has been made a national strategy. Systems and mechanisms to ensure the enforcement of the Constitution are improving. Further progress has been made to ensure sound lawmaking, strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice, and the observance of law by all. Our efforts to build a country, government, and society based on the rule of law are mutually reinforcing. The system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics has been steadily improved, and public awareness of the rule of law has risen markedly.

全面建成小康社会推动了人权法治保障持续加强。“国家尊重和保障人权”载入宪法,成为治国理政重要原则。全面推进依法治国上升为国家战略,保证宪法全面实施的体制机制不断健全,科学立法、严格执法、公正司法、全民守法深入推进,法治国家、法治政府、法治社会建设相互促进,中国特色社会主义法治体系日益完善,全社会法治观念明显增强。

Good progress has been made in reforming the system of government administration, the national supervision system, and the judicial system. Effective measures have been taken to develop other systems to strengthen checks and oversight over the exercise of power. The role of the rule of law in protecting human rights has been enhanced.

行政体制改革、国家监察体制改革、司法体制改革取得实效,权力运行制约和监督体系建设有效实施。人权保障法治化水平不断提升。

Fostering a culture to respect and protect human rights throughout society. In building a moderately prosperous society, China has promoted the creative evolution of fine traditional culture, and rooted the core socialist values among the people. Public cultural services have been improved, with cultural programs and industries flourishing. Endeavors to achieve moderate prosperity have fostered a Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese strength, and cultivated stronger cultural confidence. China's cultural soft power and the international influence of Chinese culture have increased significantly. The process of achieving moderate prosperity helps everyone improve the understanding of their own value, personal dignity and principal status, fostering a culture that respects and protects human rights.

全面建成小康社会培育了全社会尊重和保障人权的文化。全面建成小康社会,推动了中华优秀传统文化的创造性转化、创新性发展,社会主义核心价值观深入人心,公共文化服务水平不断提高,文化事业和文化产业蓬勃发展。全面建成小康社会,更好构筑了中国精神、中国价值、中国力量,文化自信得到彰显,国家文化软实力和中华文化影响力大幅提升。全面建成小康社会的过程,也是每一个人对自身价值、人格尊严

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route [ru:t]

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n. 路线,(固定)线路,途径
vt. 为 .

 
universality [.ju:nivə:'sæliti]

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n. 普遍性,一般性

 
committed [kə'mitid]

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adj. 献身于某种事业的,委托的

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democratic [.demə'krætik]

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adj. 民主的,大众的,平等的

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adequate ['ædikwit]

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adj. 足够的,适当的,能胜任的

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distribution [.distri'bju:ʃən]

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n. 分发,分配,散布,分布

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commitment [kə'mitmənt]

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n. 承诺,保证; 确定,实行

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cooperation [kəu.ɔpə'reiʃən]

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n. 合作,协作

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contribute [kən'tribju:t]

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vt. 捐助,投稿
vi. 投稿,贡献,是原因

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